Learning to reduce fat in your diet may seem daunting, but it doesn't have to be hard work. A few simple swaps can help you plan more heart-healthy, low-fat meals, all while boosting the flavor!
Here's why cutting fatty foods can be helpful and what a day of low-fat eating might look like. The sample menu (described below) walks you through a day of meals, including snacks and dessert.
Cutting fat from the foods you eat can lower calories and reduce the amount of saturated fat in your diet. An abundance of saturated fat can increase LDL cholesterol levels in the blood, increasing heart disease risk.¹ According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), heart disease remains the leading cause of death in America.² But there are several ways to reduce the amount of LDL cholesterol in your diet. Cutting back on saturated fats and increasing fiber intake are great places to start.
High cholesterol is often accompanied by other conditions, including high blood pressure, obesity, and insulin resistance. Clusters of these conditions in one person can lead to a diagnosis of metabolic syndrome, which dramatically increases the risk for major cardiovascular events. Research has determined that along with physical activity, eating plans that incorporate low-fat meals, like the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet, can help patients improve their metabolic health.³
Cutting back on fat can be beneficial, but it can also make things taste bland. Fat is well known for providing flavor, and slashing it can be a big loss in the taste department. Make up for those deficits by swapping higher fat ingredients for low-calorie flavor boosters, like spices, fresh herbs, vinegar, and citrus.
Many popular low-fat packaged foods replace fat with sugar and salt, leaving them with even less nutrition to offer. For example, many brands of low-fat salad dressings have more sweeteners and sodium than their full fat counterparts. With so many Americans already taking in excessive amounts of sugars and salt, reading labels and gravitating towards minimally processed foods is certainly worthwhile.⁴
There are plenty of low-fat whole foods to choose from, including:
Fat is a vital macronutrient in the diet, so the goal is moderation. Completely banishing fat from your diet would be fantastically difficult, plus you would risk missing out on important nutrients like bone-building minerals and fat-soluble vitamins. High-quality fats from unsaturated sources, like nuts, avocado, and olive oil, promote heart health and should make up the majority of your fat intake.6
For a 2,000 calorie-per-day diet, the American Heart Association recommends limiting saturated fat to 5% to 6% of total calories for folks that need to lower their cholesterol; that's only 13 grams of saturated fat per day.⁷
Here is what a balanced, low-fat meal plan can look like.
Start your day with cinnamon-spiked, whole-grain goodness topped with seasonal fruit. Protein helps support healthy muscles, and the soluble fiber in oats and berries has been found to help lower LDL levels.8
Keep energy levels high through the middle of the day with lean protein and plenty of fruits and veggies. A small portion of healthy fats from peanut butter easily fits into this meal.
Fight off a late-day energy slump with a filling, low-fat snack.
Grilling is a great way to prepare low-fat meals. If you don't have a grill, simply roast in the oven at high heat (425 degrees F).
Scratch that dessert itch with a sensible portion of something sweet. Then cleanse the pallet with high-fiber fruit to keep you feeling full and satisfied.
Low-fat meals can be fresh, delicious, and easy. Set a target and limit daily saturated fat intake to promote heart health and keep calories in check. For a more personalized plan, discuss your needs with your healthcare provider, and consider setting up an appointment with a registered dietitian nutritionist.


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