Sustainable Diet: It requires eating foods that are not harmful for the environment
You might be wondering about a sustainable diet if you want to reduce your environmental impact or connect to your local ecology via the foods you eat. 
Even while the topic of sustainability in relation to food is frequently discussed, its definition is rarely touched upon. Diets that are fully plant-based or organic are frequently thought of as being sustainable, however, sustainability is far more complicated. 
Environmental aspects including resource utilisation and greenhouse gas emissions are crucial. A truly sustainable diet, however, considers labour, food availability, and land management. 
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How does a sustainable diet work?
There are several recommendations on what constitutes a sustainable diet. A sustainable diet, however, typically takes into account the sort of food we eat, how it is cultivated, delivered, and packaged, as well as the impact this has on the environment. 
For instance, a sustainable diet would include a wide range of fruits and vegetables, whole grains, legumes, nuts, dairy, eggs, poultry, fish, and modest amounts of red meat can all be included. 
Along with this minimises the use of plastics and other derivatives in food packaging minimises the use of antibiotics and hormones in food production minimises food loss and waste.
How to follow a sustainable diet?
Our diets should become more flexitarian, which means we should consume a greater variety of vegetarian meals together with little portions of fish and meat, such as one huge steak per month or one beef burger per week. Concerns about the lack of protein in a diet that is primarily plant-based are common. 
Even while you can consume some meat in a sustainable way, it’s vital to think about how much you consume, cut back on your red meat intake, and determine whether you can offset the effects of your meat consumption through other aspects of your diet or consumer behaviour.
Plant-based foods should dominate sustainable diets. You do not have to completely avoid meat or dairy, though. Any diet heavy in plant-based foods fruits, vegetables, grains, legumes, nuts, seeds, and anything made from these sources and low in animal foods is linked to greater health for both people and the environment.
What is the impact of a sustainable diet on us?
A sustainable diet must be economical, available, nutrient-dense, and devoid of hazardous substances like food-borne viruses in order to maintain humans in the short term. 
In addition, it’s critical that those employed in all facets of the food system from farming and packing to transport, retail, and cooking earn a liveable income, have sufficient health benefits, and work in environments that are secure. 
A sustainable diet should reduce the risk of diet-related diseases such as type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and cancer in order to maintain people over the long run.
What is the impact of a sustainable diet on the planet?
A sustainable diet should reduce greenhouse gas emissions, water usage, soil erosion, and pollution, promote animal welfare, and encourage biodiversity in order to preserve the environment for both the short and long term, which also benefits people. 
On a personal level, this entails adopting adjustments like cutting back on meat consumption and selecting fruit cultivated without poisonous chemicals and fertilisers. It includes spending money on agricultural systems that replenish rather than degrade the ecosystems to which they belong on a bigger scale.
A sustainable diet emphasises consuming more entire plant foods. Though in far smaller amounts, people may still opt to consume animal products. If you are considering changing to a more sustainable diet, you should think about what diet would be most likely easy to follow and start by taking baby steps.
Disclaimer: This content including advice provides generic information only. It is in no way a substitute for a qualified medical opinion. Always consult a specialist or your own doctor for more information. NDTV does not claim responsibility for this information.
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